GAMBARAN PATOLOGI ANATOMI PADA BABI LANDRACE SUSPECT AFRICAN SWINE FEVER (ASF) DI KABUPATEN KUPANG

The Description of The Pathology Anatomy of Landrace Pig Suspect African Swine Fever (ASF) in Kupang District

  • Yohanes T. R. M. R. Simarmata Laboratorium Ilmu Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Tarsisius Considus Tophianong Laboratorium Klinik, Reproduksi, Patologi dan Nutrisi, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Filphin Adolfin Amalo Laboratorium Klinik, Reproduksi, Patologi dan Nutrisi, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Henny Nitbani Laboratorium Antomi, Fisiologi, Farmakologi dan Biokimia, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Victor Lenda Program Studi Kesehatan Hewan Jurusan Peternakan Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Kupang
Keywords: African Swine Fever (ASF), Landrace Pig, Anatomical Pathology

Abstract

African Swine Fever (ASF) is a viral disease that attacks pigs and to date has caused many pig deaths in Kupang Regency. ASF is caused by a double-stranded DNA virus from the Asfivirus genus and the Asfarviridae family. This research aims to determine the anatomical pathology of the swine landrace suspect ASF. Organ samples were collected from two male landrace pigs and two female landrace pigs, aged 7 months, from Oeltuah Village, Taebenu District and Tarus Village, Central Kupang District, Kupang Regency, NTT. Clinical examinations were carried out on sick animals that were found during the investigation, then necropsied on the dead animals were carried out and continued with anatomical pathology examinations at the Pathology Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Nusa Cendana University. Anatomical pathology examinations are carried out by observing changes in the structure and appearance of the organs. The necropsy results showed sub-cutaneous ecchymosis hemorrhage in the abdomen, limbs and ears, gastric, intestinal and hepatic hemorrhage, hemorrhagic lymphadenitis in mesenteric lymph nodes, hyperemic splenomegaly, pteckie hemorrhage in the renal capsule,, multifocal hemorrhage in the renal medulla and pulmonary lobe. Based on the observation of clinical symptoms and changes in anatomical pathology, it can be concluded that the death of pigs was suspected to be caused by the suspect ASF.

References

Anderson EC. 1986. African Swine Fever: curent concepts on its pathogenesis and immunology. Revue Scientifique et Technique de I’ OIE,8(21):477-486.
Arias, M., de la Torre, A., Dixon, L., Gallardo, C., Jori, F., Laddomada, A., Martins, C., Parkhouse, R.M., Revilla, Y., Rodriguez, F.A.J. 2017. Approaches and Perspectives for Development of African Swine Fever Virus Vaccines. Vaccines (Basel), 5 (2017).
Baratawidjaja GK dan Rengganis Iris. 2012. Imunologi Dasar. Jakarta. Balai Penerbit FKUI.
Beltrán-Alcrudo, D., Arias, M., Gallardo, C., Kramer, S. & Penrith, M.L. 2017. African swine fever: detection and diagnosis – A manual for veterinarians. FAO Animal Production and Health Manual No.19. Rome. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Budiman,H.,T. R. Ferasyi, Tapielaniari, M. N. Salim, U. Balqis dan M. Hambal. 2015. Pengamatan lesi mikroskopis pada hati ayam broiler yang dijual di pasar Lambaro Aceh Besar dan hubungannya dengan keberadaan mikroba. Jurnal Medika Veterinaria 9(1): 51 –53.
Carrasco, L., Bautista, M.J., Martín de las Muías, J., Gómez-Villamandos, J.C., Espinosa de los Monteros, A., Sierra, M.A., 1995. Description of a newpopulation of fixed macrophages in the splenic cords of pigs. Journal of Anatomy 187, 395–402.
Carrasco, L., Chacón, M., De Lara, F.,Martín de las Muías, J., Gómez-Villamandos, J.C., Pérez, J., Wilkinson, P.J., Sierra, M.A.,1996.Apoptosisinlymphnodes in acute African swine fever. Journal of Comparative Pathology 115,415–428.
Carrasco, L., Bautista, M.J., Gómez- Villamandos, J.C., Martín de las Mulas, J., Chacón, M., De Lara, F., Wilkinson, P.J., Sierra, M.A., 1997. Development of microscopic lesions in splenic cords of pigs infected with African swine fever virus. Veterinary 619 Research 28,93–99.
Dinas Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan Provinsi Jawa Tengah. 2019. Mengenal Demam Babi Afrika Atau African Swine Fever (ASF). Diakses tanggal 8 Juni 2020.
Ditjen Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan, Kementerian Pertanian RI. 2020.“Cegah Penyebaran Kasus, Kementan Petakan Kasus Kematian Babi Di NTT”.Diakses tanggal 8 Juni 2020.
Ganowiak Justine. 2012. Patho-anatomical studies on African Swine Fever in Uganda. Examensarbete inom veterinärprogrammet ISSN 1652-8697. Examensarbete 2012: 57.
Gomez-Villamandos, J. C., M. J. Bautista, P. J. Sanchez-Cordon, and L. Carrasco, 2013: Pathology of African swine fever: therole of monocyte-macrophage.Virus Res.173, 140–149

Kementerian Pertanian Republik Indonesia. 2019. Keputusan Menteri Pertanian Nomor 820/KPTS/PK.320/M/12/2019 tentang Pernyataan Wabah Penyakit Demam Babi Afrika (African Swine Fever) pada Beberapa Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Sumatera Utara, Jakarta: Kementerian Pertanian RI.
McGrath A. and Barrett MJ. 2019. Petechiae.USA.GOV.
Mebus, C.A., Dardiri, A.H., 1979. Additional characteristicsofdiseasecausedbythe 730 African swine fever viruses isolated from Brazil and the Dominican Republic. In: Proc. Annu. Meet.U.Anim.HealthAssoc.,vol.83, pp. 227– 239.
Nabib, R. 1987. Patologi Khusus Veteriner. Cetakan ke-3. Bagian Patologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Institut Peternakan Bogor. Bogor.
OIE, (OIE) The World Oragnisation for Animal Health. 2019. “African Swine Fever.” ASF Situation. Vol. 27. Paris. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2019.02.018.
Pikalo J, Schoder M-E, Sehl J, Breithaupt A, Tignon M, Cai AB, Gager AM, Fischer M, Beer M, Blome S., 2020. The African swine fever virus isolate Belgium 2018/1 shows high virulence in European wild boar. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2020;00:1–6.
Retnaningsih T W. 2019. Mengenal Demam Babi Afrika atau African Swine Fever (ASF). Medik Veteriner Muda.
Salguero, F.J., Sánchez-Cordón, P.J., Sierra, M.A., Jover, A., Núnez, ˜ A., Gómez781 Villamandos, J.C., 2004. Apoptosis of thymocytes in experimental African swine fever virus infection. Histology and Histopathology 19,77–84.
Smith, H A dan Jones T C. 1961. Veterinary Pathology. Lea & Febiger, Philadelpia.
Soeharsono. 2005. Zoonosis (Penyakit yang menular dari hewan ke manusia). Yogyakarta : Kanisius.
Published
2020-12-06
How to Cite
Simarmata, Y., Tophianong, T., Amalo, F., Nitbani, H., & Lenda, V. (2020). GAMBARAN PATOLOGI ANATOMI PADA BABI LANDRACE SUSPECT AFRICAN SWINE FEVER (ASF) DI KABUPATEN KUPANG. JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, 8(2), 136-146. https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v8i2.3074

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.