Pemberian tepung bonggol pisang kepok fermentasi daiam pakan ternak babi fase grower dan efeknya terhadap kecernaan nutrien

  • Sabarta sembiring
  • Pratiwi Trisunuwati universitas Brawijaya
  • Osfar Sjofjan universitas Brawijaya
  • Irfan H. Djunaidi universitas Brawijaya
Keywords: Feed fermented, corm, nutrient digestibility, growing pig


Sixteen crossbred growing pigs Duroc x Landrace, (10 weeks of age; initial body weight 27 ± 3.92 kg) were allotted into four treatments in a randomized block design to evaluate the effects of inclusion of fermented kepok banana corm (FKBC) in the diet on the nutrient digestibility of growing pigs. There were four treatments diets offered:  basal diets without FKBC (RO); basal diets + 7% FKCB (R1); basal diets + 14% FKCB (R2); basal diets + 21% FKCB (R3). Inclusion of 21% FKBC in the diet of pigs significantly reduced (P <0.01) dry matter intake and organic matter compared to the control diet. There were no significant different between 14% and 21% FKCB on the intake and digestibility of dry matter and organic matter of the pigs. However, inclusion of FKCB at the level of 7% showed the optimum digestibility of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, and energy with the average value of 66.57%, 70.48%, 83,43% and 70,76%, respectively. In addition, mineral consumption and retention of Ca and P were 14.3 and 9.1 g/h, respectively with the value of mineral retention both Ca and P were 11.9 and 7.5 g/h, respectively.

It can be concluded that inclusion of FKCB at the level of 7% increased dry matter digestibility and organic matter.


Sejumlah 16 ekor ternak babi persilangan Duroc x Landrace fase grower (berumur 10 minggu dengan bobot badan awal berkisar 27± 3,92 kg) diberi 4 macam pakan perlakuan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dipakai untuk mengevaluasi kecernaan nutrien. Terdapat 4 perlakuak pakan yang diberikan masing-masing adalah: pakan basal tanpa BPKF (R0); pakan basal + 7% BPKF (R1); pakan basal + 14% BPKF (R2); pakan basal + 21% BPKF (R3)  

Pemberian sejumlah 21% BPKF dalam ransum sangat nyata (P<0,01) menurunkan konsumsi bahan kering dan bahan organik dibanding pakan kontrol 0 % pakan fermentasi. Penggunaan produk fermentasi pada level 14 % tidak nyata (P>0,05) berbeda terhadap konsumsi dan kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik dibanding pemakaian level 21%. Level 7 % penggunaan FKCB adalah angka optimum menghasilkan nilai rataan kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik masing-masing 66,57 dan 70,48% dan kecernaan protein kasar dan energi masing-masing 83,43 dan 70,76%. Disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan tepung BPKF pada level 7 % adalah terbaik pada variabel kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik.


Download data is not yet available.


Aiyer, P. V., 2005. Amylases and Their Applications. Review. African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 4 (13):1525-1529.

Anonim, 2014b. Nusa Tenggara Timur dalam Angka. Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Katalog BPS: 1102001.53

Anonim, 2016b. Aspergillus niger. Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia. Aspergillus_ niger. Diunduh tgl. 6 Desember 2016.

Baker, D. H., 1993. Utilization Efficiency of amino acid in the Pig in manipulating Pig Production IV. Editor: Batterham, E. S. Australian Pig Science Association, Werribe.

Bijttebier, A., Goesaert, H., and Delcour, J. A., 2008. Amylase Action Pattern on Starch Polymers. Biologia 63/6: 989-999.

Cloutier, L., Pomar, C., Montminy, M. P. L., Bernier, J. F., and Pomar, J., 2015. Evaluation of a real-time method Estimating individual in two lines lysine requirements of growing-finishing pigs. Animal, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp 561-568.

Cummings, J.H. and Stephen, A.M. 2007. Carbohydrate Terminology and Classification. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61 (suppl 1), S5-S18.

Diwyanto, K., and Priyanti, A. 2009. The Livestock Industry Development Based on Local Resources. Development of Agricultural Innovation. 2 (3): 208-228

Emaga, T. H., Bindelle, J., Agneesens, R., Buldgen, A., Wathelet, B., and Paquot, M., 2011. Influences Ripening Banana and Plantain Peels Composition and Energy Content. Tropical Animal Health Production. (43): 171-177.

Englyst, K. N., S. Liu and H. N. Englyst., 2007. Nutritional characterization and Measurement of Dietary Charbohydrates. Review. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. (Suppl. I) 519-539

Kaur, R. and Sekhon, B. S. 2012. Enzymes as Drugs: an Overview. J. Pharm. Educ. Res. Vol 3 (2): 29-41

Lauro, M., 2001. α - Amylolysis of Barley Starch. Publications VTT, Technical Research Center of Finland, Espoo.

Lipsa, F. D., Snowdon, R. and Friedt, W., 2012. Quantitative genetic analysis of condensed tannins in oilseed rape meal. Euphytica, Vol.184: 195-205.

McDonald, P., R. A. Edwards, and J. F. D. Greenhalgh., 1998. Animal Nutrition. 7th Ed. Prentice Hall-Milan.

Mwesigwa, R., Mutetikka, D. and Kugonza, D. R., 2013. Performance of growing pigs fed diets based on by-products of maize and wheat processing. Tropical Animal Health Production, Vol. 45: 441-446.

National Research Council. 1998. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. 10th Revised Edition. Nutrient Requirements of Swine. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Ngoc, T. T. B., Len, N. T and Lindberg, J. E., 2013. Impact of fiber intake and fiber source on digestibility, gut development, retention time and growth performance of indigenous and exotic pigs. Animal, Vol. 7 No. 5, pp 736-745.

Renaudeau, D., Brochain, J., Giorgi, M., Bocage, B., Hery, M., Crantor, E., Magdeleine, CM, and Archimede, H. 2014. Banana Meal for Feeding Pigs: Digestive Utilization, growth Performance and Feeding Behavior. Animal, Animal Consortium Vol. 8 (4): 565-571.

Rideout, T. C., Liu, Q., Wood, P., and Fan, M. Z., 2008. Nutrient utilization and Intestinal Fermentation are differentially Affected by the Consumption of resistant starch varities and Conventional Fibers in Pigs. British Journal of Nutrition, 99: 984-992

Tillman, A. D., H. Hartadi, Soedomo, R., Suharto, P. and Soekanto, L. 1989. Livestock Food Science Dasar.Gajah Mada University Press, Faculty of Animal Science.

Uthumporn, U., Zaidul, I. S. M. and Karim A. A., 2010. Hydrolysis of granular starch at sub-gelatinization temperature using a mixture of amylolytic enzymes. Food and bioproducts processing, Vol. 8 8: 47-54.

Winarno, F. G., 2010. The Food Enzymes. Revised Edition. Publisher M-Brio Press, Bogor.

Yin, F., Zhang, Z. Huang, J., and Yin, Y. 2010. Rate of Dietary Starch Digestion Affects Systemic Circulation of Amino Acids in weaned Pigs. British J of Nutr. 103: 1404-1412.

Zeeman, S. C., Kossmann, J., and Smith, A. M., 2010. Starch: Its Metabolism, Evaluation, and biotechnological Modifications in Plants. Annu. Rev. Plant. Biol. 61: 209-234.
How to Cite
sembiring, S., Trisunuwati, P., Sjofjan, O., & Djunaidi, I. (2020). Pemberian tepung bonggol pisang kepok fermentasi daiam pakan ternak babi fase grower dan efeknya terhadap kecernaan nutrien. JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN, 7(1), 6-13.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.