Analisis Tingkat Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Petani Pedesaan Di Desa Wehali Dan Desa Kletek Kecamatan Malaka Tengah Kabupaten Malaka

  • Yohanes Wilfrid Leki
  • Wiendiyati Wiendiyati
  • Marthen R. Pellokila

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study aims to identify income patterns, spending patterns and the level of welfare of rural farmer households. Research has been conducted in Malaka Regency in June-July 2018. The number of sample farmer households is determined based on the Slovin method of 84 respondents spread in two sample villages namely Wehali and Kletek Villages in Central Malaka Sub-District. Data analysis used quantitative analysis and the exchange rate of rural farmer households (NTPRP). The results of the study showed that from the aspect of farm household in come in Malaka District, Rp. 1,933,625 / month was considered still low and included in the category of not yet prosperous. The structure of household income is still dominated by agricultural income, where the majority of farmer households to obtain income are still oriented towards land yields as a source of livelihood. Judging by the total expenditure of farmer households in the amount of Rp. 1,520,291 / month allocated for expenditure on food as much as Rp. 829,045 / month or around 54.53% of the total expenditure of rural farmer households and amounting to Rp. 691,246 / month or around 45.46% of total expenditure allocated for non-food consumption. Whereas the Exchange Rate of Rural Farmer Households in Malaka Regency shows that farmer households are not included in the category of prosperity because NTPRP values of total expenditure <1 or NTPRP = 0.76%. The low value of NTPRP is strongly influenced by the low income earned compared to total expenditure which consists of total consumption expenditure (food and non-food) and production costs (agricultural and non-agricultural businesses). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola pendapatan, pola pengeluaran dan tingkat kesejahteraan rumah tangga petani pedesaan. Penelitian telah dilakukan di Kabupaten Malaka pada bulan Juni-Juli 2018. Jumlah rumah tangga petani contoh ditentukan berdasarkan metode slovin sebanyak 84 responden yang tersebar di dua desa contoh yaitu Desa Wehali dan Desa Kletek di Kecamatan Malaka Tengah. Analisis data menggunakan analisis kuantitatifr dan nilai tukar rumah tangga petani pedesaan (NTPRP). Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa dari aspek pendapatan rumah tangga petani di Kabupaten Malaka sebesar Rp.1.933.625/bulan dinilai masih rendah dan masuk pada kategori belum sejahtera. Struktur pendapatan rumah tangga masih di dominasi oleh pendapatan pertanian di mana sebagian besar rumah tangga petani untuk memperoleh pendapatan masih berorientasi pada hasil tanah sebagai sumber mata pencaharian. Dilihat pengeluaran total rumah tangga petani sebesar Rp.1.520.291/bulan yang dialokasikan untuk pengeluaran bahan makanan sebesar Rp. 829.045/bulan atau sekitar 54,53% dari total pengeluaran rumah tangga petani pedesaan dan sebesar Rp. 691.246/bulan atau sekitar 45,46% dari total pengeluaran dialokasikan untuk konsumsi bukan makanan. Sedangkan Nilai Tukar Rumah Tangga Petani Pedesaan di Kabupaten Malaka menunjukan bahwa rumah tangga petani tidak termasuk dalam kategori sejahtera karena nilai NTPRP terhadap total pengeluaran < 1 atau NTPRP = 0,76%. Rendahnya nilai NTPRP sangat dipengaruhi oleh rendahnya pendapatan yang diperoleh dibandingkan total pengeluaran yang terdiri dari total pengeluaran konsumsi (makanan dan bukan makanan) dan biaya produksi (usaha pertanian dan non usaha pertanian).

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Published
2019-12-17
How to Cite
Leki, Y., Wiendiyati, W., & Pellokila, M. (2019). Analisis Tingkat Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Petani Pedesaan Di Desa Wehali Dan Desa Kletek Kecamatan Malaka Tengah Kabupaten Malaka. Buletin Ilmiah IMPAS, 20(3), 204-214. https://doi.org/10.35508/impas.v20i03.1876

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