ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KETERSEDIAAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI DI DESA WEHALI DAN DESA KLETEK KECAMATAN MALAKA TENGAH, KABUPATEN MALAKA
This research aimed to determine the availability of food in agricultural households and the duration of food consumption in households based on the potential availability of food and the factors which affect the availability of food in agricultural households in the Malaka District. The data used in this research were secondary and primary data obtained from interviews based on questionnaires. The samples were determined step by step (multi-stage random sample), whereby determined the district area randomly, so that the Central Malaka district was selected among the 12 existing districts. Next was the determination of the sample villages, namely the Wehali village and the Kletek village, and the last one was the determination of the sample farm households (respondents) using the Slovenian formula, so that a total of 84 respondents were obtained.
The analysis to determine the availability of food in the households of the farmers was carried out by adding the production, support and then reducing the sales, consumption, seeds and retail, which were previously converted to Kcal. Then, the duration of consumption was determined by dividing the total calories (calorie requirements per capita) by the number of household members. In addition to analyzing the factors that affect food availability in agricultural households, using the regression analysis.
The results of the analysis showed that the total food availability of farm households in Wehali Village in terms of production, purchases and donations was 135441095,2Kcal, while the Kletek Village was 272385073,3 Kcal. The total duration of food consumption for each village was 444 days for the village of Wehali and 525 days for the village of Kletek. Based on the regression results, it was also known that the factorsn affecting the availability of food in agricultural households in both villages were land area and income, both of which had a positive impact, while age, number of dependent people and mother's education did not have an impact on the availability of food in agricultural households.