Tinjauan Vibrio Vulnificus sebagai Ancaman Emerging Foodborne Disease pada Makanan Laut Segar

Review of Vibrio Vulnificus as an Emerging Foodborne Disease Threat in Raw Seafood

  • Maxs U. E. Sanam(1)
    Departemen Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang
  • Maria Aega Gelolodo(2*)
    Departemen Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8912-5779
  • Elisabet Tangkonda(3)
    Departemen Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang
  • Fhady R. Loe(4)
    Departemen Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang
  • (*) Corresponding Author
Keywords: food-borne disease, raw seafood, septicemia, Vibrio vulnificus, wound infections


Vibrio vulnificus is a crucial foodborne opportunistic pathogen that can cause wound infections, septicemia, and gastroenteritis with a 50% fatality rate. This bacteria occurs in estuaries and coastal waters and is found in large quantities in oysters and other mollusc shells. The increasing number of foodborne diseases worldwide is suspected to have occurred due to the expansion of the international food trade. Consumption of raw seafood, especially oysters containing Vibrio vulnificus bacteria, can result in acute, severe systemic infections and is responsible for 95% of deaths from seafood consumption in the United States. The diagnosis of Vibrio vulnificus infection is confirmed by the growth of the bacteria in culture media from wounds, feces or blood. This article discusses the characteristics of the bacteria, host, environment, transmission, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnostic techniques and geographical distribution of V. vulnificus.


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Sanam, M., Gelolodo, M., Tangkonda, E., & Loe, F. (2023). Tinjauan Vibrio Vulnificus sebagai Ancaman Emerging Foodborne Disease pada Makanan Laut Segar. JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, 11(2), 149-165. https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v11i2.12259

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