Gambaran fisiologis domba di Desa oesao Kecamatan Kupang Timur Kabupaten Kupang
PDF

Keywords

Fat tail sheep
Oesao
rectal temperature
respiration
heart rate

How to Cite

Hina, C. Y., Simarmata, Y. T. R. M. R., & Laut, M. M. (2019). Gambaran fisiologis domba di Desa oesao Kecamatan Kupang Timur Kabupaten Kupang. Jurnal Veteriner Nusantara, 2(2), 153-160. Retrieved from https://ejurnal.undana.ac.id/jvn/article/view/1842

Abstract

Sheep is encountered in tropical area because can life good in extreme environment conditions. Sheep is a hot blood animal because can  maintain body temperature in specified range. High temperature of envorenment cause stress of animal, because heat regulation system is not balanced with environment. Animals That stress Due Environment Temperature Heat, causing changes in physiology behaviour what can be measured from changes in rectal temperature, respiratory frequency and heart rate. The difference environmental temperature in each place causes a difference of body temperature in animal. Because of that, it’s important to having the optimal temperature animal on that place, to keep the growth and productivity functions. Kupang regency is in the semi arid area with high environment temperature and the low rainfall especially in oesao village. Because of that, and there’s not data of sheep physiological in Kupang district, Researchers Want to know the  normal physiological of sheep in Oesao Village District of East Kupang, Kupang. The measured parameter are body temperature, respiration and pulse. This research uses as much as 24 fat tail sheep. Sample are grouped based on age. Young group with age <1 years, and adult group with age >1 years. The result showed that Rectal temperature fat tail sheep in the village Oesao on morning is 39,0ºC to 39,8ºC and day is 39,9ºC to 39,3ºC. The mean frequency of respiration on morning is 33 x / min to 38 x / min days 35 x / min to 39 x / min. The mean heart rate is on the morning is 78 x / min to 81 x / min and day 80 x / min to 82 x / min. it is  concluded that the value of the physiological fat tail sheep in Oesao is on normal range.

PDF

References

Aleksiev, Y. 2008. Effect of Shearing on Some Physiological Responses In Lactating Ewes Kept Indoor. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science,14(4) :417-423
Anderson, B.E. 1989. Temperature Regulation and Environmental Physiology. In: Swenson, M.J. (Ed.), Dukes’ Physiology of Domestic Animals, 10th ed. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, pp. 719–727. Cit Srikandakumar A., Johnson, E. H. dan Mahgoub O. 2003. Effect Of Heat Stress on Respiratory Rate, Rectal Temperature and Blood Chemistry in Omani and Australian Merino Sheep. Small Ruminant Research 49: 193-198
Awabien, R.L. 2007. Respon Fisiologis Domba Yang Diberi Minyak Ikan Dalam Bentuk Sabun Kalsium.Skripsi. Fakultas Peternakan.Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor
Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Kupang. 2016
Bluett, S.J., Hodgson, J., Kemp, P.D., Barry, T.N., 2001. Performance of Lambs and the Incidence of Staggers and Heat Stress on Two Peren-Nial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne) Cultivars Using a Leader-Follower Rotational Grazing Management System. J. Agric. Sci. 136 (1): 99–110. Cit Marai, I.F.M., Darawany, A.A.E., Fadiel, A. dan Hafez M.A.M.A. 2007. Physiological Traits as Affected by Heat Stress in Sheep. Small Ruminant Research 71: 1–12
Diwyanto, K. 1982. Pengamatan Fenotip Domba Priangan Serta Hubungan Antara Beberapa Ukuran Tubuh Dengan Bobot Badan. Tesis. Fakultas Pasca Sarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor, cit. Diyono, R. 2007 Identifikasi Keragaman Gen Calpastatin Domba Lokal (Ovis aries) Dengan Metode Pcr-Rflp Dan Hubungannya Dengan Bobot Badan. Skripsi.Fakultas Peternakan.
Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor
Frandson, R.D. 1996. Anatomi dan Fisiologi Ternak.Gajah Mada University Press.Yogyakarta, cit. Awabien, R.L. 2007, Respon Fisiologis Domba Yang Diberi Minyak Ikan Dalam Bentuk Sabun Kalsium.Skripsi. Fakultas Peternakan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor
Jackson, P.G., Cockroft, P.D., 2002. Clinical Exeminationof Farm Animals. Universitas of Cambridge, UK.
Johnston, R.G. 1983. Introduction to Sheep Farming. Granada Publishing Ltd.
London, cit. Awabien, R.L. 2007, Respon Fisiologis Domba Yang Diberi Minyak Ikan Dalam Bentuk Sabun Kalsium. Skripsi. Fakultas Peternakan.
Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor
Klein, B.G. 2013. Veterinary Physiology. Cunningham Textbook 5th. Elsevier Saunders. St. Louis, Missouri.
Mahendra, D. 2007. Pengaruh Penggunaan Jerami Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonucum) Sebagai Pakan Suplemen Dalam Ransum Terhadap {erforman Domba Lokal. Skrtipsi Fakultas Pertanian. Universitas Sebelas Maret.
Marai, I.F.M., Darawany, A.A.E., Fadiel, A. dan Hafez M.A.M.A., 2007. Physiological Traits as Affected by Heat Stress in Sheep. Small Ruminant Research 71: 1–12
Marai, I.F.M., Ayyat, M.S., Abd El-Monem, U.M., 2001. Growth performance and reproductive traits at first parity of New Zealand White Female Rabbits as Affected by Heat Stress and Its Alleviation, Under Egyptian Conditions. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 33, 457–462. Cit Marai, I.F.M., Darawany, A.A.E., Fadiel, A. dan Hafez M.A.M.A. 2007. Physiological Traits as Affected by Heat Stress in Sheep. Small Ruminant Research 71: 1–12

Mardjiwo. 2001. Pengaruh Tipe Kelahiran dan Jenis Kelamin Terhadap Pertambahan Berat Badan dan Efisiensi pada Pemeliharaan Anak Domba Lepas Sapih Selama Tiga Bulan. Bionatura 3(3).
Naskar, S.,Gowane, G.R.,Chopra, A.,Paswan, C. And Prince, L.L.L., 2012. Genetic Adaptability of Livestock To Environmental Stresses. Springer-Verlag Berlin. India
Reece, W.O. 2015. Thermoregulation in Dukes’ Physiology of Domestic Animals. 13th. ed Book. Wiley Blackwell, Chapter 41:458
Sano, H. and Terashima, Y. 2001. Effect of Dietary Protein Level and Cold Exposure on Tissue Respon Siveness and Sensitivity to Insulin in Sheep. J. Anim. Physiol. 85: 349-355, cit. Arifin, M., Kusuma, I.M. dan Sunarso. 2009, Konsetrasi VFA Rumen pada Domba Ekor Tipis Jantan yang Mendapatkan Suhu Lingkungan dan Aras Pemberian Pakan yang Berbeda.Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. Semarang
Sayekti, I., Purbowati, E., dan Rianto, E., 2015. Pemanfaatan Protein Pakan pada Domba Lokal Jantan yang Mendapat Pakan pada Siang dan Malam Hari. Animal Agriculture Journal. 4(1): 22-27.
Sonjaya. 2012. Dasar Fisiologi Ternak. PT Penerbit IPB Press, Bogor.
Sudarmono, A.S., dan Bambang Sugeng. 2008. Beternak Domba. Edisi Revisi. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta
Suprayogi, 2013. Pengelolaan Kesehatan Hewan dan Lingkungan Penuntun Praktis di Lapangan. PT Penerbit IPB Press, Bogor. Hal 14-15
Yousef, M.K. (Ed.), 1985. Stress Physiology in Livestock. Basic Principles, Vol. 1. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Cit Nissim Silanikove. 2008. Effects of heat stress on the welfare of extensively manageddomestic ruminants. Livestock Production Science 67: 1–18

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.