Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Lesi Prakanker Serviks (IVA+) di Puskesmas Bakunase Kota Kupang Tahun 2019

  • Rambu Aji Paremajangga Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Honey I. Ndoen Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Yuliana R. Riwu Universitas Nusa Cendana
Keywords: Cervical, Precancerous, Lesions.


Servical cancer is the most common cancer in women in the world and ranks second most cause of death after cardiovascular disease. Early detection of cervical cancer is done through IVA method. Early detection of servical cancer in Kupang City Health Office in 2017 totaling 1.757 woman and 58 women are positive for cervical precancerous lesions with highest cases in the Bakunase Health Center as many as 38 people. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors of age at first marriage, habits of changing partners, parity and pathological vaginal history of the occurrence of cervical precancerous lesions (IVA +) in Bakunase Health Center Kupang City in 2019. This type of research is an analytic survey with a case control research design. To analyze the relationship between the variables used the chi square test and the magnitude of risk factors calculated Odds Ratio (OR) values. The results showed that there was a relationship between age at first marriage p = 0.038 (OR = 2.979; 95% CI 1.164-7.622), parity p = 0.021 (OR = 3.322; 95% CI: 1.293-8.538), pathological vaginal discharge p = 0.021 ( OR = 3,375; 95% CI: 1,303-8,744), while the habit of changing sexual partners is not a risk factor associated with the incidence of precancerous cervical lesions p = 0.358 (OR = 4.353; 95% CI 0.463-40.898. Suggestions for Kupang City Bakunase Health Center to conduct counseling about risk factors and dangers of cervical cancer, create an HPV vaccination program and encourage every woman to vaccinate. For women-only communities to avoid risk factors and make periodic early detection for those who have already married.



Download data is not yet available.


Afiyanti Y, Pratiwi A. Pratiwi (2016) Seksualitas dan Kesehatan Reproduksi Perempuan. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada; 2016.

Bustan MN. Pengantar Epidemiologi. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2006.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Buku Saku Pencegahan Kanker Leher Rahim dan Kanker Payudara [Internet]. Direktorat Pengendalian Penyakit Tidak Menular Direktorat Jenderal PP & PL. Jakarta: Direktorat Pengendalian Penyakit Tidak Menular Direktorat Jenderal PP & PL; 2009. Available from: https://agus34drajat.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/buku-saku_kanker_2009.pdf

International Agency for Research on Cancer. Cervical cancer: estimated incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide in 2012. World Health Organization. Genev; 2012.

Yayasan Kanker Indonesia. Harapan Terpadu: Melantun Kebersamaan Berantas Kanker. Yayasan Kanker Indonesia [Internet]. 2017;1–68. Available from: http://yayasankankerindonesia.org/storage/article/2cfbac39cedaa4426a9b4d1ce1ba2891.pdf

Lia DI. Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Kanker Serviks (Studi Kasus Di RSUD. Prof. Dr. W.Z. Johanes Kupang Periode Januari – September Tahun 2014). Skripsi. Kupang; 2016.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur Tahun 2017. Kupang; 2018.

Dinas Kesehatan Kota Kupang. Profil Kesehatan Kota Kupang Tahun 2016. Kupang; 2017.

Puskesmas Bakunase. Hasil Pemeriksaan IVA dan CBE Tahun 2015, 2016, dan 2017. Kupang; 2018.

Savitri A, Alina L, Utami EDR. Kupas Tuntas Kanker Payudara, Leher Rahim dan Rahim. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Baru Press; 2015.

Nindrea RD. Prevalensi Dan Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Lesi Pra Kanker Serviks Pada Wanita. J Endur. 2017;2(1):53.

Setyarini E. Faktor- Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Kanker Leher Rahim di RSUD Dr. Moewardi Surakarta [Internet]. Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta; 2009. Available from: http://v2.eprints.ums.ac.id/archive/etd/3942

Riksani R, re!MediaService. Kenali Kanker Serviks Sejak Dini. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi; 2016.

Rasjidi I. Epidemiologi Kanker Serviks. Indones J Cancer [Internet]. 2009;III(3):103–8. Available from: https://www.indonesianjournalofcancer.or.id/e-journal/index.php/ijoc/article/view/123

Bustami A, Caturini Y, Rosmiyati. Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Lesi Prakanker Serviks Dari Hasil Pap Smear Di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah May. Jen. Hm. Ryacudu. J Kesehat Holistik [Internet]. 2015;9(3):109–14. Available from: http://ejurnalmalahayati.ac.id/index.php/holistik/article/download/214/153

Damayanti, Hapisah, Kirana R. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kanker Leher Rahim di RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin. J Kesehat [Internet]. 2015;VI:172–7. Available from: https://ejurnal.poltekkes-tjk.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/102

Caturini Y, Rosmiyati, Wardiyah A. FAKTOR LESI PRAKANKER SERVIKS DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH RYACUDU KOTA BUMI LAMPUNG UTARA. J Dunia Kesmas [Internet]. 2015;4(3):157–62. Available from: http://www.ejurnalmalahayati.ac.id/index.php/duniakesmas/article/view/435/370

BKKBN. Kamus Istilah Kependudukan & Keluarga Berencana [Internet]. Direktorat Teknologi Informasi dan Dokumentasi. Jakarta: BKKBN, Direktorat Teknologi Informasi dan Dokumentasi; 2011. 1–141 p. Available from: https://adoc.tips/kamus-istilah-program-keluarga-berencana-nasional.html

Safitri F, Rahmi N. Determinan Kejadian Kanker Serviks di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah dr. Zainoel Abidin, Provinsi Aceh. Media Penelit dan Pengemb Kesehat [Internet]. 2019;29(1):89–98. Available from: http://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/mpk/article/view/437/897

How to Cite
Paremajangga, R., Ndoen, H., & Riwu, Y. (2020). Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Lesi Prakanker Serviks (IVA+) di Puskesmas Bakunase Kota Kupang Tahun 2019. Media Kesehatan Masyarakat, 2(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.35508/mkm.v2i1.2011

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.