Gambaran Faktor Eksternal sebagai Hambatan dalam Pengambilan Obat pada Penderita Kusta di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sikumana Kota Kupang

  • Mikael M. Reca Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Serlie K. A. Littik Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Amelya B. Sir Universitas Nusa Cendana
Keywords: Leprosy, Barrier, Medicine Intake

Abstract

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by leprosy germs (Mycobacterium leprae), which attack the skin and peripheral nerves. Treatment in leprosy patients needs to be done to break the chain of transmission and prevent defects. Routine taking of drugs is an important indicator in the efforts of treatment and support the patient to take medication until the completion of treatment. This study aims to the external barriers in drug-taking in leprosy patients at Sikumana Primary Health Center in Kupang. This was a qualitative research with the phenomenological approach. There were nine informants in this study consisting of the Multibacillary (MB) leprosy patiens, their families, public figures, and health workers. The data was obtained by interviews and observations. Furthermore, the data analysis was conducted qualitatively. The results showed that the obstacles in getting the leprosy medicines were the access to the health facilities and COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, there were problems about negative peers influence and slow services in acquiring the medicines. The role of health agencies should be more proactive in fulfilling leprosy drugs during the COVID-19 pandemic by delivering drugs to leprosy sufferers.

References

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. InfoDatin Kusta-2018 [Internet]. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Jakarta: 2018 Available from: https://pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/infodatin/infodatin-kusta.pdf

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2018 [Internet]. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia . Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia: 2019. Available from: https://pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/profil-kesehatan-indonesia/PROFIL_KESEHATAN_2018_1.pdf

Meirina Z. Kemenkes Targetkan Eliminasi Kusta pada 2020. Antara News [Internet]. 2014; Available from: https://kalbar.antaranews.com/berita/319839/kemenkes-targetkan-eliminasi-kusta-pada-2020

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Profil Kesehatan NTT 2017-2018. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Kupang: Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur 2018. Available from: https://dinkes.nttprov.go.id/index.php/publikasi/publikasi-data-dan-informasi?download=17:profil-kesehatan-tahun-2018

Dinas Kesehatan Kota Kupang. Profil Kesehatan Kota Kupang 2018. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Kupang. Kupang: 2018. Available from: https://dinkes-kotakupang.web.id/bank-data/category/1-profil-kesehatan.html %0A%0A

Puskesmas Sikumana. Laporan Kasus Kusta Tahun 2019-2020. Kota Kupang; 2020

Warsan E, Ngatimin R, Natsir S. Hambatan Pengobatan Penderita Kusta di Kecamatan Tammerodo Sendana Kabupaten Majene Provinsi Sulawesi Barat [Internet]. Universitas Hasanudin; 2014. Available from: http://pasca.unhas.ac.id/jurnal/files/eff29e02df5c99774572bfff1c10971d.pdf

Putri MA, Harmayetty, Utomo B. Pengaruh Psycoeducative Family Therapy terhadap Pengetahuan, Dukungan Keluarga dan Stigma Kusta dengan Model Pendekatan Calgary di Puskesmas Balerejo Kabupaten Madiun. J Ners [Internet]. 2016;11(1):88–98. Available from: https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JNERS/article/download/1701/1397

Nsagha DS, Bamgboye EA, Oyediran ABOO. Operational Barriers to the Implementation of Multidrug Therapy and Leprosy Elimination in Cameroon. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [Internet]. 2009;75(5):469–75. Available from: https://cyberleninka.org/article/n/166000.pdf

Sari NK. Upaya Pencegahan Penyakit Kusta dengan Program Penerapan Poha Hidup Bersih dan Sehat Sejak Dini [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2020 Mar 12]. Available from: https://osf.io/t9qvf/download?format=pdf

Theopilus Y, Yoogasara T, Theresia C, Octavia JR. Analisis Risiko Produk Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) Pencegah Penularan COVID-19 untuk Pekerja Informal di Indonesia. J Rekayasa Sist Ind [Internet]. 2020;9(2):115–34. Available from: https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/jrsi/article/view/4002

Jufrizal J, Nurhasanah N. Stigma Masyarakat pada Penderita Kusta. Idea Nurs J [Internet]. 2019;10(1):27–31. Available from: http://202.4.186.66/INJ/article/view/14245/12180

Laksono A. Aksesbilitas Pelayanan Kesehatan. Natl Inst Heal Res Dev Indones Minist Heal [Internet]. 2016; Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315892278_Aksesibilitas_Pelayanan_Kesehatan_di_Indonesia

Amelia AR, Andayanie E, Nurbaeti N. Analisis Hubungan Perilaku Penderita Kusta dalam Pencarian Pengobatan di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tamalanrea Kota Makasar. Pros Semin Nas [Internet]. 2019;2:83–8. Available from: https://jurnal.yapri.ac.id/index.php/semnassmipt/article/view/77

Zulhaida A, Rosdiana R, Wilya V. Kepatuhan Menelan Obat Penderita Tuberculosis di Puskesmas Seulimeum Aceh Besar. J Kesehat Terpadu [Internet]. 2020;11(1):34–40. Available from: https://www.jurnalpoltekkesmaluku.com/index.php/JKT/article/view/48/35

Pribadi T. Stigmatisasi Penderita Kusta di Desa Sidodadi Asri Banjar Agung Lampung Selatan. J Kesehat Holistik [Internet]. 2016;10(4):7–12. Available from: http://ejurnalmalahayati.ac.id/index.php/holistik/article/view/281

Fatmala KA. Analisis faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kepatuhan Minum Obat Kusta di Kecamatan Pragaan. J Berk Epidemiol [Internet]. 2016;4(1):13–24. Available from: https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/76746-ID-none.pdf

MS Z, Sembiring R. Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga dengan Depresi Penderita Kusta di Ruang Rawat Penyakit Dalam Kusta Rumah Sakit Kusta Dr. Sitanala Tangerang. J Ilm Kesehat [Internet]. 2017;12(12):56–62. Available from: http://download.garuda.ristekdikti.go.id/article.php?article=1112671&val=16788&title=

Rahmawati D. Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga dengan Self Efficacy dalam Perawatan Diri Penyakit Kusta di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sumber Baru Kabupaten Jember [Internet]. Skripsi. 2016. Available from: https://repository.unej.ac.id/handle/123456789/75971

Saputri YP, Thoirun T, Luthviatin N. Hubungan Antara Dukungan Sosial Keluarga dengan Kepatuhan Minum Obat Penderita Kusta (Studi di Kecamatan Puger dan Balung Kabupaten Jember). e-Jurnal Pustaka Kesehat [Internet]. 2017;5(3):549–56. Available from: https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/JPK/article/view/6150/4556

Published
2021-12-04
How to Cite
Reca, M., Littik, S., & Sir, A. (2021). Gambaran Faktor Eksternal sebagai Hambatan dalam Pengambilan Obat pada Penderita Kusta di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sikumana Kota Kupang. Media Kesehatan Masyarakat, 3(3), 236-245. https://doi.org/10.35508/mkm.v3i3.3237

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.