Data Resampling Approach to Handle the Imbalanced Class Problem

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Yosua Alberth Sir
Agus H H Soepranoto


Imbalanced class problem (machine learning) is a problem that arises because of the significant difference in the number of instances between the minority class and the majority class. Imbalanced class ratio makes the classifier do the wrong decision when classifying, which tends to prefer the majority class and ignore the minority class. To tackle this problem, we use a data resampling approach that use 6 types of popular data resampling techniques, such as: (i) random oversampling (ROS), (ii) random undersampling (RUS), (iii) synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE), (iv) adaptive synthetic sampling (ADASYN), (v) SMOTETomek, and (vi) SMOTEENN to balance the ratio of the number of instances of 15 types of datasets. Furthermore, this balanced dataset is classified using a random forest classifier. The metric used as a performance measurement tool is the geometric mean (G-Mean). To compare the performance of the 6 types of data resampling techniques, these G-Mean values were tested using Friedman's nonparametric statistical test, and if the null hypothesis was rejected, it was continued with Nemenyi's Post Hoc statistical test. Based on mean of ranks values, the best resampling technique is SMOTEENN (1.700), ADASYN (2.767), RUS (3.333), SMOTETomek (3.867), SMOTE (4.000), ROS (5.333).


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Y. Sir and A. Soepranoto, “Data Resampling Approach to Handle the Imbalanced Class Problem”, jicon, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 31-38, Mar. 2022.


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