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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

To download the template and author guidelines, please click the links below :

1. Template

2. Author Guidelines

Using Sources within the Text
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's(s’) last name or name of source, and the year of publication for the source, should appear in the text. Complete reference information should appear in the References list at the end of the manuscript.

Falk (2013) claims that the most stigmatized women were unmarried mothers . . .
In a recent study of mental illness (Falk, 2013) . . .
In 2013, Falk discussed mental illness as . . .

For one or two authors, use both names each time you use the source:
Smith and Jones (2018) state that . . .
Smith and Jones (2018) further point out that . . .

For three or more authors, use the first listed author’s last name plus “et al.”
Merriman et al. (2018) found that . . .

Source (primary) within a Source (secondary) 

Use this sparingly and locate and cite the primary source whenever possible. In the text, identify the work you want to use (primary source), and give a citation for the source from which it came (secondary source). For example, if  James C. Dobson’s book (primary source) is used in an article written by Carlin Romano
(secondary source), and you did not read Dobson’s book, list the Romano reference in your References page. In the text, cite as follows:

An infected person may spread poliomyelitis to others immediately before and up to 2 weeks after symptoms appear (Dobson, 2017, as cited in Romano, 2019).
In Seidenberg and McClelland's 2009 study (as cited in Coltheart et al., 2012), reading skills improvement varied considerably under these conditions

In text, when first using an acronym, spell out the full name of the organization, followed by the acronym and year in parentheses. If the source is not mentioned in the text, spell out the full name in parentheses, followed by the acronym in brackets, then the year. After this, the acronym can be
According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2019), . . .
. . . these numbers have continued to increase (WHO, 2018).
The number of such births rose in 2014 (World Health Organization [WHO], 2018).
In the References section, spell out the full name. Do not include the acronym:
World Health Organization. (2019). International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (11th ed.). https://icd.who.int/

The References List
Basic Rules
1. All authors' names are inverted (last name first); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work. If an author uses more than one initial, place one space between each initial (example: Jones, N. H.).
2. The References list is alphabetized by authors' last names or corporate/organization names. If no author is given for a particular source, alphabetize using the title of the work, which will be listed in place of the author. Alphabetize by the first major word in the titile (no “A,” “The,” etc.). Use a shortened version of the title, in quotes, for parenthetical citations.
3. If you have more than one work by a particular author, order them by publication date, starting with the oldest (a 2016 article would be listed before a 2018 article).
4. When an author appears both as a sole author and, in another citation, as the first author of a group, list the one-author entries first.
5. Use "&" (ampersand) instead of "and" when listing multiple authors of a single work (also used in in-text parenthetical citations).
6. All lines after the first line of each entry in your References list should be indented one- half inch/five spaces from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation.
7. Do not include the URL for any source that is readily accessible (Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, ERIC, etc. or any library subscription service).
8. You can use either the default setting for hyperlinks (usually blue font, underlined), or plain text (no blue or underline). Whichever you choose, all citations must be consistent.

9. As a rule, do not use “Retrieved from” either for a DOI or a URL; simply provide the link. However, for sources that are unstable or change over time (e.g. dictionary entries, websites that update frequently, etc.), a retrieval date is used, placed before the URL: Retrieved October 11, 2020, from https://xxxxxx
10. Always use the current format for citing a DOI, even if the source uses the old form: Correct format example: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0040251


1. Journal article, one to two authors
Johnson, M. K. (2013). Investigating the relationship of nutrition- and exercise-compromising health impairments with Autism Spectrum Disorders among children with special health care needs. American Journal of Health Education, 44(4), 221-8.
2. Journal article, three to 20 authors
Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207–217.
parenthetical: (Grady et al., 2019)
narrative: Grady et al. (2019) . . .

3. An article with no author or editor named
HIV treatment reduced risk for malaria recurrence in children. (2012). Infectious Disease News 25(12), 41-43.
parenthetical: (“HIV Treatment,” 2012)
NOTE: For parenthetical citations of sources with no author named, use a shortened version of the title instead of an author's name. Use quotation marks and italics as appropriate. For example, parenthetical citations of the source above would appear as follows: ("HIV Treatment," 2012).
4. An anonymous author
When an author is not named, begin the citation with the source title followed by the rest of the required citation information. If, and only if, the the source is signed “Anonymous,” use “anonymous” as the author.
5. Corporate author
Spell out the full name of a group or corporate author. If the publisher and the author are the same, omit the publisher reference to avoid confusion.
American Psychiatric Association. (2002). Practical guidelines for the treatment of patients with eating disorders (2nd ed.). Washington, DC.
6. Book
In 7th ed., place of publication is no longer used.
LeFever Kee, J., Hayes, E. R., & McCuistion, L. E. (2015). Pharmacology: A patient-centered nursing process approach. Elsevier/Saunders.
7. Chapter in a book
LeFever Kee, J., Hayes, E. R., & McCuistion, L. E. (2015). A nurse’s perspective of pharmacology. In J. Jones (Ed.) Pharmacology: A patient-centered nursing process approach (pp. 105-133). Elsevier/Saunders.

8. Magazine article
Anderson, M. (2018). Getting consistent with consequences. Educational Leadership, 76(1), 26-33.
9. Newspaper article
(no author)
The complicated calibration of love, especially in adoption. (2018, November 28). Chicago Tribune, p. 6.
Reddy, S. (2014, June 17). Effort to reduce ear surgeries for small children. The Wall Street Journal, pp. D1-D3

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