Manuscript Submission Process

To submit a manuscript, one of the authors must utilize the online system. Manuscripts submitted by individuals other than the authors will not be considered for publication. The submitter, acting as the corresponding author, takes on the responsibility throughout the submission, peer review, copyediting, and author proofreading stages.

During the submission process, the submitter will receive step-by-step guidance on creating and uploading various files. All communication, including editorial decisions and revision requests, will be conducted via email and the author's homepage, eliminating the need for physical paperwork. When submitting a revised manuscript, only the revised files should be uploaded, as the handling Editor already has access to the original files.

Preparation and Submission Guidelines

  • Word Processing Software: Save the file in the original format of the word processor used. Manuscripts should be concise, written in clear English, and formatted according to specific guidelines regarding spacing, font, and page limits.

  • Article Structure: Sections such as Introduction, Experimental, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, etc., should be properly formatted with headings in bold and capital italics.

  • Heading Usage: Main headings should be aligned left and in lowercase, except for the first letter of the first word or proper names.

  • Integration of Figures and Text: Figures should not be inserted directly into the text file. Instead, their approximate locations should be indicated. It is recommended to use the spell-check and grammar-check functions of the word processor.

    Please use the template (download here) in order to ease your writing process.


  • A concise summary of up to 200 words is required, presenting a brief overview of the research's purpose, key findings, and major conclusions.


  • Immediately following the abstract, provide 3-5 keywords using American spelling.


  • Explain non-standard abbreviations in a footnote on the first page.


  • List individuals who contributed assistance during the research in a separate section at the end of the article.

Nomenclature and Units 

  • Adhere to universally recognized rules and conventions, employing the SI system of units.


  • Utilize footnotes judiciously, numbering them consecutively throughout the article.


  • Ensure uniformity in lettering and sizing, using Arial font exclusively. Number illustrations based on their sequence in the text.


  • Number tables in sequential order according to their appearance in the text. Avoid vertical lines and ensure that data presented in tables does not replicate results described elsewhere.


  • Confirm that every reference cited in the text is also included in the reference list, and vice versa. Take care when handling unpublished results and personal communications in both the text and reference list. Citations marked as "in press" indicate acceptance for publication
  • Use automatic reference software such as Mendeley or Zotero under the Nature style of citation.